The madison – named after Madison Square Garden in New York where the event was first held – is similar to the points race but with teams of two riders. Intermediate sprints are held every 10 laps (five points for the winner, followed by three, two and one) – points are doubled for the final sprint. Teams can also earn 20 points by gaining a lap on the main bunch. One rider is always active, while the other continues to ride round, but is effectively ‘resting’ at the top of the track. When the active rider needs a breather, around every lap and a half or so, they ‘hand-sling’ their partner into the action. The best madison duos have an endurance rider capable of gaining a lap and a sprinter to win points. The team with the most points at the end of the race is the winner.